Srijan has been instrumental in navigating through different stages of cloud maturity for a wide range of businesses, from Fortune 500 enterprises including banking and finance industries worldwide. They bring advanced engineering capabilities, agile practices and robust strategy that includes creating visibility, streamlining processes, establishing governance, and implementing comprehensive remedial plans.

Navigating the Cloud Migration Journey: Strategies for Banking Incumbents


Mohit Bahl

Director Solutions Consulting, Srijan, A Material Company,  Digital Experience Platforms and Cloud Engineering

In the banking landscape, customer expectation keeps evolving because of the challenger banks and fintechs. They are not just seeking seamless transactions but are increasingly expecting experiences that are intuitive and instant. This shift in customer expectations has been driving banks to reevaluate their technological infrastructure. In this context, the adoption of cloud technology has emerged as a strategic imperative. By leveraging the cloud's advanced data processing capabilities, real-time  analytics, and scalable infrastructure, banks can meet these modern demands, offering fast, personalized, and user-friendly experiences that align with the expectations of today’s digital-savvy customers.

Incumbent banks often lag behind in modernizing their environments due to the complexity of integrating new cloud technologies with outdated infrastructures, the high costs of transformation, and navigating stringent regulatory compliance requirements. In spite of the complexities, cloud adoption journey is crucial for sustainable growth. According to the MIT Technology Review, the banking sector risks losing up to $57 billion by 2028 in missed opportunities and outdated operations due to delayed cloud adoption. Based on our extensive experience in enabling cloud transformations across various sectors, including banking and finance, we've identified three key stages in a bank's cloud journey. We also discuss some of the key challenges you might encounter at each stage and provide insights on how to tackle them effectively.


Stage 1: The Cloud Novices - Transitioning from Legacy to Cloud

Typically the banks that are heavily invested in on-premise technologies for their core banking services find it hard to embrace the cloud infrastructure. For many traditional banks, the journey to cloud computing starts with overcoming the challenges of legacy systems, which are often rigid, siloed, and unable to meet the dynamic demands of today's digital economy. The key actions required to overcome these challenges are discussed here.

Current state analysis: The first step is a thorough analysis of the current state, and identify the limitations - be it operational, regulatory, or security concerns. This insight helps in crafting a compelling business case that aligns cloud migration with the bank's strategic objectives.

The strategic step: Choosing the right cloud model is critical. Whether it's Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS), or Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), the decision should be based on the bank's specific needs and goals. Choosing the right technology partner is equally important. They need to have a proven track record of tailoring solutions that align with specific business needs, ensuring strategic fit and security.

Risk mitigation: Addressing risks associated with cloud migration, especially around data security and regulatory compliance, is non-negotiable. Banks need to adopt a proactive approach to data sovereignty, ensuring that their customers' data is stored and processed in compliance with local regulations. This stage of the journey is about setting a solid foundation for the future. Action items at this stage include:

  • Strengthen security measures: Implement robust security protocols and conduct regular security audits to safeguard data integrity.
  • Comply with regulatory standards: Ensure cloud services adhere to the geo specific regulator requirements, including local and cross-border compliance.
  • Manage data sovereignty: Understand and follow data residency laws and adopt data localization strategies as per regional legal requirements.
  • Establish a risk management framework: Conduct risk assessments regularly and develop response strategies, including incident response protocols and data recovery plans.


Stage 2: The Cloud Adopters - Optimizing Cloud Utilization

Banks that have made the leap to the cloud but still operate with old-school thinking face a unique set of challenges. They have access to advanced cloud tools, but often lack the modern approach required to use them. The challenge often lies in clinging to legacy workflows that are suboptimal or incompatible with cloud environments. Major symptoms associated with these challenges include:


  • Inefficient resource utilization: A mismatch in capacity planning and actual usage leads to underutilized or overburdened resource
  • Integration challenges: Due to the differences in technologies, formats, and standards used in different data repositories, integrating it with the cloud system can become complex. This often leads to a fragmented data landscape, making it difficult to consolidate and effectively use information across the organization.
  • High operational costs: Inappropriate resource allocation and a lack of cost-optimization strategies in the cloud leads to cost inefficiencies


Remedial Action: A combined effort aimed at streamlining cloud architecture, optimizing resource allocation, and embracing cloud-native practices is essential. Along with this, training the teams in cloud technologies, for enhanced cloud proficiency and adopting new operational models are the crucial steps.


  • Incorporate Cloud-Native Operational Models Perform current cloud architecture audit to identify inefficiencies. Restructure cloud architecture and adopt cloud native operational models that aligns with the bank's objectives and scales efficiently. At the same time incorporating SRE can provide banks with a robust framework for managing operational tasks, measuring system performance, and ensuring continuous improvement.
  • Data Integration and Analytics Enhancement: Implement modern data management strategies to ensure seamless data flow and integration across systems. Implement machine learning algorithms and predictive analytics to enhance risk management and decision-making processes.
  • Optimizing resource allocation and cost efficiency: Actively manage cloud resources with advanced monitoring tools by implementing financial operations (FinOps) principles to manage cloud costs and usage. Adopt strategies like cost-saving strategies, which includes reserved instances and auto-scaling. Conduct periodic reviews and fine-tune cloud spending to stay in line with your financial goals.
  • Enhanced cloud security and Regulatory compliance: Strengthen security protocols and ensure adherence to banking regulations.
  • Building Cloud Proficiency: Equip teams with the latest cloud skills and practices through targeted training. Cultivate a culture that encourages continuous learning, experimentation, and adaptation to evolving cloud technologies and practices.


Stage 3: The Cloud Innovators - Achieving Operational Excellence


As banks successfully integrate cloud computing into their operations, it is critical to shift their focus towards ongoing optimization and alignment of these technologies with their business strategies. Let’s see how banks can transition from being cloud-enabled to cloud-optimized entities through fine-tuning operational processes, strategic cloud cost management, and harnessing advanced technologies like AI.


Efficiency Assessment: Ensure your cloud architecture and workloads are aligned with industry best practices and recommended frameworks. Then regularly evaluate your cloud setup to identify inefficiencies and optimize it. Embracing a cycle of evaluation and optimization is crucial for operational excellence  as it can ensure cloud operations are lean and responsive, secure, high-performing, resilient, and efficient.


Integrate Advanced FinOps: Develop advanced FinOps strategies to integrate financial operations which can help in:


  • Analyzing and reducing expenditure: Regularly review cloud spending to identify and eliminate inefficiencies.
  • Implementing real-time monitoring systems: Set up systems for continuous tracking of cloud resource usage and costs.
  • Facilitating cross-functional collaboration: Organize regular meetings between IT, finance, and business units to align cloud usage with business goals.
  • Utilizing data for strategic decisions: Employ analytics tools to gather insights for making informed decisions about cloud investments.
  • Forecasting and planning budgets with predictive analytics: Use predictive models to anticipate future cloud costs for accurate budgeting.
  • Managing cloud vendor contracts: Actively engage with cloud service providers to optimize contract terms and manage relationships.


With these active measures, banks can manage cloud costs more effectively, ensuring that every dollar spent on the cloud is an investment towards better service, innovation, and profitability.


Continuous Optimization and Scaling: To ensure sustainable operations, enhance customer experience and remain successful the banks need to innovate and achieve operational excellence. Leveraging AI and ML can be pivotal in key areas including:

  • Automated Efficiency Improvements: Identifies areas of improvement and optimize it in real-time, to improve performance while reducing operational costs.
  • Enhanced Security Posture: Continuously monitor for emerging threats in real-time and scale these protocols to protect an increasing volume of data and transactions.
  • Improving Customer Experience: Automates resource scaling to ensure that customer-facing applications are consistently fast and reliable, particularly during high-traffic periods. Additionally, it helps in the continuous refinement of these applications, enhancing usability and functionality, thereby boosting customer loyalty.
  • Maintenance and Downtime Reduction: Forecast potential system failures or maintenance needs through predictive capabilities of AI & ML. This allows banks to take preemptive actions, minimizing downtime and ensuring consistent service availability.

This is about staying ahead of the curve, continuously innovating, and leveraging cloud technology to drive business growth and customer satisfaction.


Banking on the Cloud, the Way Forward

Cloud migration for banking incumbents is not just a technological upgrade but a transformative journey. It involves moving from legacy systems to innovative cloud solutions that offer scalability, flexibility, and enhanced customer experiences. This journey, marked by different stages of maturity, requires a strategic approach, careful planning, and a commitment to continuous improvement. By navigating this path effectively banks can unlock new opportunities, stay competitive in a digital world, and avoid the substantial costs of lagging behind. Characterized by a well-defined roadmap, flexible strategies and innovative solutions, Srijan’s services are designed to guide banks' cloud maturity journey. Here is their pathway to cloud excellence:



Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Assessment and Strategy

Process/Cultural shift/SRE 

Advanced FinOps Practices

Cloud-Readiness Training


Leverage AI and Automation

Partner with Cloud Experts

Introduce FinOps

Sustainable Scaling


To learn more about this blueprint for success, Talk to Srijan experts today!